Under the doctrine of separation of powers, Parliament is the arm of Government, which makes laws to be implemented by the Judiciary. In that regard, Parliament determines the establishments of courts subordinate to the High Court and may determine to increase the number of judges and justices to sit in the Supreme, Appeal/Constitutional, and High Court above the constitutionally defined minimums.
Parliament is also entrusted to make provisions for the jurisdiction and procedures of those courts. In addition, Parliament makes laws providing for the structures, procedures and functions of the Judiciary. Aware that the Judiciary is independent and not controlled by any person or authority, Parliament can only make provisions for the jurisdiction and procedure of courts and decide on the number of judges.
The Uganda Judiciary has undergone tremendous changes since the turn of the last century to the present time. In that regard, following the enactment of the 1995 Constitution, the Judiciary structure has been redefined to consist of the following courts:
The Judiciary is faced with many challenges brought about by social, economic, environmental, political, technological and global changes in addition to those emanating from the 1995 Constitution changes. To meet these challenges the Judiciary has redefined its mission statement and core values and articulated a new vision on which the future trajectory of the organization is based. The Uganda Judiciary’s mission statement for the period 2006/7-2010/11 is: To dispense justice to all people in Uganda, through timely adjudication of disputes without discrimination.
For more detailed information please visit the Judicature website: